The United Nations Manuals and Handbooks on Civil Registration provide the basic background for setting up CRVS systems. However, given the present status of CRVS in African countries, a need was felt for preparing guidelines for improving the civil registration systems by addressing various aspects of the legal framework, organizational set up, business processes and generation of vital statistics. As the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics systems are handled by different organizations in many countries in Africa, it was felt useful to have two different sets of guidelines – one focusing on Civil Registration Systems and the other on Vital Statistics. This guideline deals with improving Civil Registration Systems and would supplement the UN manuals on the subject. Thus, this guideline is intended to assist national governments in general and CRVS organizations in particular for preparing national strategies and action plans for improving CRVS systems.